District of Columbia
Bond or Lien Claim-Private Work

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Note: This information is limited in scope and applies only to this document. Please see the general information, all forms memo, and the general information memo for this type of document, for additional information.

Document Title: Notice and Claim of Lien

Scope: District of Columbia, Private Works.

Time Constraints: If you contract directly with the general contractor or owner, file your Notice and Claim of Lien with the District of Columbia Recorder of Deeds any time during the construction of the project or within 90 days after the completion of the project whether the claim is due or not.

The most you may claim under a lien is to funds due or becoming due from the owner to prime contractor.

For private works, suppliers of services or materials to a subcontractor may not have any lien rights in most cases. Liens are usually limited to those contracting with the general contractor or owner directly. A wise supplier would seek to bind the prime contractor or owner by contract, too.

Perfection: To perfect your mechanic's lien, you must file suit to foreclose the lien within 1 year of the filing of the Notice and Claim but within 6 months after completion of the project, which ever comes first.

Payment Bond: Where a Payment Bond has been provided by a surety, after you have filed your Mechanic's Lien file suit against the sureties within the time frame set forth in the bond.

The usual remedy is to file to enforce all claims in one suit (see below, Procedures). In any case, we strongly recommend that your attorney handle the enforcement actions to perfect your lien claims.

Information Requirements: Program information and information for Exhibits A-D, any additional costs as to legal fees, court costs and interest charges (don't pass these up. Estimate if necessary. In the case of Stop Notices and Bond Claims, the lenders or sureties will reserve only the amount for which you make claim).

Form Types: Notice and Claim of Lien, Exhibit's A-D, if needed and Recorder's Letter.

Procedures: Prepare your documents using the required information. You can file your mechanic's lien immediately.

At this point you are ready to file suit to enforce all of your claims in one action.

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